Italy - a country with rich history and culture, as well as a surprisingly diverse nature and mild climate
Italy has everything a traveler can dream of. Italy is amongst the largest countries in Southern Europe. There is a huge number of protected UNESCO World Heritage Sites within this amazing country. Historic monuments and works of art can be found through out the country. The country is also has a worldwide fame for its national cuisine, fashion, high end sports cars and motorcycles and also for beautiful coasts, lakes and mountains with numerous ski resorts. The landscape of Italy is very diverse, yet it can be said that Italy is a mountain country, hence the number of mountain ranges of the Alps and the Apennines within Italy.
The country horbours the most of the sites from UNESCO's World Attractions. Also, the country is famous for its high end luxury cars and motorcycles, the fashion industry, as well as lakes, sandy beaches and mountain ranges
The most favorable period for visits to Italy are considered to be spring and summer. However the weather is enjoyable and tourism is alive at any time of the year
There are several types of transportation in Italy: Train, car, bus and water transport
Italy's climate is generally Mediterranean Climate, but in several regions the weather shows difference.
There are different things you should know before you visit Italy
We all know the saying goes ‘All roads lead to Rome’. Previously, the expression has been linked to trade, tax collection and transport accessibility to remote settlements, but today this saying is associated with a different meaning. Rome, is a cradle of western civilazation without a doubt and so for its long history deserved the honorary name "The Eternal City". Humanitarian and technical sciences including philosophy, rhetoric, medicine, physics and geometry have all started here in The Eternal City. The opulent cultural and historical heritage of Rome became the center of attention for tourists from all around the world. The city has dozens of museums. A huge number of architectural monuments located in the center of Rome and its periphery. They are, most certainly, of great value to the global community.
According to the legend, the place called Basilica of St. Peter today in Rome, was the place for the execution of Apostle Peter. The construction plans of the cathedral were designed by the best architectures of all time: Bramante, Michelangelo, Giacomo della Porta, Domenico Fontana and Carlo Maderno. A unique sanctuary design with a passage leading to an underground Tomb of the Apostle Peter is the gem of The San Pietro.
Trevi Fountain is perhaps the most famous landmark in Rome. In the center of The Trevi Fountain stands the figure of the god Neptune in a shell shaped chariot pulled by sea horses. In this amazing work Neptune is surrounded by allegorical sculptures representing storm, calm, health, abundance and four seasons. The Trevi Fountain has a grand theatrical scenery. The bottom of the pool of the Trevi Fountain is covered with coins as it is believed that fountain makes the wishes come true.
The Colosseum in Rome surpassed all its competitors and quickly became a new wonder of the world. Colosseum in Latin means "Huge", hence the word "colossal". The dimensions are impressive. Oval arena covers an area of 86 by 54 meters. During the construction of this huge structure, sadly slaves were used for labour. Construction went on during day and night. The main purpose of The Colosseum was to host gladiatorial fights. As a marvel of theatrical engineering, the Coliseum was periodically flooded and filled with ships to re-enact oceanic conflicts. In one of which, three thousand men came across each other. With the fall of the Great Roman Empire the popularity of The Colosseum began to decline and finally died out. In the memory of all the blood shed happened here of the cross has been installed here.
Grand Canal (Canal Grande) is the largest and most popular tourist destination in Venice. Channel dimensions are impressive. Its length is almost four kilometers, the width varies from thirty to seventy meters, and depth reaches five meters. There are beautiful facilities along. Walking through the duct, tourists will be able to see more than a hundred sights and mansions, built in different architectural styles. If you want to see Venice in all its glory, it is best to go for a ride down the Grand Canal before sunset. At this time the city is particularly romantic and soft light emphasizes the beauty of the architectury.
Leaning Tower of Pisa became world famous thanks to its chronic tendency to fall. From 2000 to 2010, the Leaning miracle restored, and now it no longer tilting further. But tourists while climbing the 294 steps leading to its summit still feel as if the tower will fall. The whole tower is made of stone and decorated with colored marble. At its entrance are the bas-reliefs, which depict mythical animal figures. Tower has a cylindrical shape and goes up with his eight tiers. It was influenced by the Byzantine and Islamic architectural tradition. At the top there is the lunette with a statue of Madonna and Child by Andrea Guardi. In 1564 Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, who was a ground breaking astronomer, physicist, mathematician, philosopher and inventor. For his experiments he used top floor of the leaning tower of Pisa, he threw various objects in order to prove that the falling speed is independent of the falling objects body weight.
Pompeii is a huge open-air museum, which in 1997 was included to The UNESCO List of World Cultural Heritage. Pompeii was already a Roman city that have been built according to Roman urban planning traditions: in the center crossed two streets cardo and devumanus. At almost every intersection fountains, supplying water, were built. In some streets there were altars, decorated with paintings, stucco, inscriptions. Pompeii streets were framed with facades, there were commercial establishments on the lower floors, and on top - living quarters. Perfectly executed frescoes, mosaics, statues of Pompeii show a high level of fine art. Before the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, Pompeii was rich and highly developed city, with well-developed trade and crafts. With the eruption of Vesuvius which was a strong earthquake almost all the buildings of Pompeii were damaged, some completely destroyed. But the city was quickly restored.
The mixture of styles, eras, and materials made the Cathedral of St. Mark's are unique: no other church like the St. Mark’s Basilica exists in the whole of Italy or perhaps on the entire planet. Scenes from the Bible are depicted here using different colored marbles and stones, columns of different orders, statues and mosaics work of great artists can also be seen here. Here you will see many treasures brought from far lands. Four horses that adorn the facade of the cathedral is a replica of the original statues that have been in Rome and Constantinople, and then returned to Venice. St. Mark has always played an important role in the life of Venice. Of all the cathedral procurators usually chose the Doge - the head of the Venetian Republic. This means that the state is entrusted this temple to people.
Italy is often called a country museum, since this is the place where three-quarter of Europe's cultural heritage is concentrated.